发布于 2017-12-26 07:55:43 | 47 次阅读 | 评论: 0 | 来源: 网友投递

这里有新鲜出炉的Ruby教程,程序狗速度看过来!

Ruby编程语言

Ruby,一种为简单快捷的面向对象编程(面向对象程序设计)而创的脚本语言,在20世纪90年代由日本人松本行弘开发,遵守GPL协议和Ruby License。它的灵感与特性来自于 Perl、Smalltalk、Eiffel、Ada以及 Lisp 语言。


新版包括了一系列新的特性和性能改进。主要变化包括:rescue/else/ensure 允许直接与 do/end 块使用,yield 增加 yield_self,Struct.new 能创建接受关键字参数的类,最高级常量查询不再可用,移除所有 trace 指令提升 5-10% 性能,SecureRandom 将更偏向使用操作系统提供的 SSL 库

新特性

  • rescue/else/ensure 允许直接与 do/end 块使用。 [Feature #12906]

  • yield 增加 yield_self。 [Feature #6721]

  • 支持分行覆盖范围和方法覆盖率测量。The branch coverage indicates which branches are executed and which are not. The method coverage indicates which methods are invoked and which are not. By running the test suite with these new features, you will know which branches and methods are executed, and evaluate total coverage of the test suite more strictly. [Feature #13901]

  • Hash#slice [Feature #8499] and Hash#transform_keys [Feature #13583]

  • Struct.new 能创建接受关键字参数的类。 [Feature #11925]

  • 枚举 #any?,all?,none? and one? 接收模式参数 [Feature #11286]

  • 顶层常量查找不可用。[Feature #11547]

  • pp.rb 现在自动加载。 [Feature #14123]

  • Print backtrace and error message in reverse order (oldest call first, most recent call last). When a long backtrace appears on your terminal (TTY), you can easily find the cause line at the bottom of the backtrace. Note that the order is reversed only when backtrace is printed out to the terminal directly. [Feature #8661] [experimental]

性能提升

  • About 5-10% performance improvement by removing all trace instructions from overall bytecode (instruction sequences).The trace instruction was added to support the TracePoint. However, in most cases, TracePoint is not used and trace instructions are pure overhead. Instead, now we use a dynamic instrumentation technique. See [Feature #14104] for more details.

  • Block passing by a block parameter (e.g. def foo(&b); bar(&b); end) is about 3 times faster than Ruby 2.4 by “Lazy Proc allocation” technique. [Feature #14045]

  • Mutex is rewritten to be smaller and faster. [Feature #13517]

  • ERB now generates code from a template which runs twice as fast as Ruby 2.4.

  • Improve performance of some built-in methods including Array#concat, Enumerable#sort_by, String#concat, String#index, Time#+ and more.

  • IO.copy_stream uses copy_file_range(2) to copy offload [Feature #13867]

其他稳定改进

  • SecureRandom now prefers OS-provided sources over OpenSSL. [Bug #9569]

  • Promote cmath, csv, date, dbm, etc, fcntl, fiddle, fileutils, gdbm, ipaddr, scanf, sdbm, stringio, strscan, webrick, zlib from standard libraries to default gems.

  • Update to Onigmo 6.1.3.

  • Update to Psych 3.0.2.

  • Update to RubyGems 2.7.3.

  • Update to RDoc 6.0.1.

    • Switchthelexer from IRB based one to Ripper. This dramatically improves the performance of document generation.

    • Fix a significant amount of bugs that existed over ten years.

    • Add support for new Ruby syntax from the latest versions.

  • Update supported Unicode version to 10.0.0.

  • Thread.report_on_exception is now set to true by default. This change helps debugging of multi-threaded programs. [Feature #14143]

  • IO#write now receives multiple arguments [Feature #9323]

更多内容请查看 NEWS 或者 commit logs 。



历史版本 :
Ruby 2.5.0 发布,提升 5-10% 性能
Ruby 2.3.6,2.2.9 发布,动态类型编程语言
Ruby 2.4.2 发布,修复安全问题
Ruby 2.1 已结束支持,不再释放更新补丁和修复
Ruby 2.2.7 发布,开源的动态编程语言
Ruby 2.4.1 发布,开源的动态编程语言
Ruby 2.4.0 正式版发布
Ruby 2.4.0 rc1 发布,2.4 首个候选版
Ruby 2.3.3 发布,多项错误修复
Ruby v2.4.0 preview3 发布
Ruby 2.4.0-preview2 发布,修复多项问题
Ruby 2.3.0 正式发布
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