详解nginx 代理多个服务器(多个server方式) - PHPERZ中文资讯站 - 胜博发888手机平台

发布于 2017-11-07 07:27:05 | 34 次阅读 | 评论: 0 | 来源: 网友投递

这里有新鲜出炉的Nginx中文文档,程序狗速度看过来!

Nginx WEB服务器

Nginx 是一个高性能的 HTTP 和 反向代理 服务器,也是一个 IMAP/POP3/SMTP 代理服务器。 Nginx 是由 Igor Sysoev 为俄罗斯访问量第二的 Rambler.ru 站点开发的,第一个公开版本0.1.0发布于2004年10月4日。其将源代码以类BSD许可证的形式发布,因它的稳定性、丰富的功能集、示例配置文件和低系统资源的消耗而闻名。


本篇文章主要介绍了详解nginx 代理多个服务器(多个server方式),小编胜博发手机官网挺不错的,现在分享给大家,也给大家做个参考。一起跟随小编过来看看吧

上一篇文章介绍了nginx的基本配置和使用方法,并且简单的介绍了一下如何利用nginx结合tomcat进行使用,达到反向代理的作用。现在我们要使用nginx达到这样的一个目的,能够代理多个服务器。

首先修改配置文件:


#user nobody; 
worker_processes 1; 
#error_log logs/error.log; 
#error_log logs/error.log notice; 
#error_log logs/error.log info; 
#pid  logs/nginx.pid; 
 
events { 
 worker_connections 1024; 
} 
 
http { 
 include  mime.types; 
 default_type application/octet-stream; 
 #log_format main '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" ' 
 #     '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" ' 
 #     '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"'; 
 #access_log logs/access.log main; 
 sendfile  on; 
 #tcp_nopush  on; 
 #keepalive_timeout 0; 
 keepalive_timeout 65; 
 #gzip on; 
 server { 
  listen  9922; 
  server_name firstProxyServer; 
  #charset koi8-r; 
  #access_log logs/host.access.log main; 
  #location / { 
   #root html; 
   #index index.html index.htm; 
  #} 
  location / { 
   proxy_pass http://localhost:8989; 
  } 
  #error_page 404    /404.html; 
  # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html 
  # 
  error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html; 
  location = /50x.html { 
   root html; 
  } 
  # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80 
  # 
  #location ~ \.php$ { 
  # proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1; 
  #} 
  # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000 
  # 
  #location ~ \.php$ { 
  # root   html; 
  # fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000; 
  # fastcgi_index index.php; 
  # fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /scripts$fastcgi_script_name; 
  # include  fastcgi_params; 
  #} 
  # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root 
  # concurs with nginx's one 
  # 
  #location ~ /\.ht { 
  # deny all; 
  #} 
 } 
  server { 
  listen  9977; 
  server_name secondProxyServer; 
  #charset koi8-r; 
  #access_log logs/host.access.log main; 
  #location / { 
   #root html; 
   #index index.html index.htm; 
  #} 
  location / { 
   proxy_pass http://localhost:8080; 
  } 
  #error_page 404    /404.html; 
  # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html 
  # 
  error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html; 
  location = /50x.html { 
   root html; 
  } 
  # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80 
  # 
  #location ~ \.php$ { 
  # proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1; 
  #} 
  # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000 
  # 
  #location ~ \.php$ { 
  # root   html; 
  # fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000; 
  # fastcgi_index index.php; 
  # fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /scripts$fastcgi_script_name; 
  # include  fastcgi_params; 
  #} 
  # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root 
  # concurs with nginx's one 
  # 
  #location ~ /\.ht { 
  # deny all; 
  #} 
 } 
 # another virtual host using mix of IP-, name-, and port-based configuration 
 # 
 #server { 
 # listen  8000; 
 # listen  somename:8080; 
 # server_name somename alias another.alias; 
 # location / { 
 #  root html; 
 #  index index.html index.htm; 
 # } 
 #} 
 
 # HTTPS server 
 # 
 #server { 
 # listen  443 ssl; 
 # server_name localhost; 
 # ssl_certificate  cert.pem; 
 # ssl_certificate_key cert.key; 
 # ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:1m; 
 # ssl_session_timeout 5m; 
 # ssl_ciphers HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5; 
 # ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on; 
 # location / { 
 #  root html; 
 #  index index.html index.htm; 
 # } 
 #} 
} 

其中主要的是有两个server,每个server对应的被代理的服务器的不同。从而实现了nginx代理多个服务器的目的。

下面是两个服务server的配置:


server { 
  listen  9922; 
  server_name firstProxyServer; 
  #charset koi8-r; 
  #access_log logs/host.access.log main; 
  #location / { 
   #root html; 
   #index index.html index.htm; 
  #} 
  location / { 
   proxy_pass http://localhost:8989; 
  } 
  #error_page 404    /404.html; 
  # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html 
  # 
  error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html; 
  location = /50x.html { 
   root html; 
  } 
  # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80 
  # 
  #location ~ \.php$ { 
  # proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1; 
  #} 
  # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000 
  # 
  #location ~ \.php$ { 
  # root   html; 
  # fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000; 
  # fastcgi_index index.php; 
  # fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /scripts$fastcgi_script_name; 
  # include  fastcgi_params; 
  #} 
  # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root 
  # concurs with nginx's one 
  # 
  #location ~ /\.ht { 
  # deny all; 
  #} 
 } 
  server { 
  listen  9977; 
  server_name secondProxyServer; 
  #charset koi8-r; 
  #access_log logs/host.access.log main; 
  #location / { 
   #root html; 
   #index index.html index.htm; 
  #} 
  location / { 
   proxy_pass http://localhost:8080; 
  } 
  #error_page 404    /404.html; 
  # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html 
  # 
  error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html; 
  location = /50x.html { 
   root html; 
  } 
  # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80 
  # 
  #location ~ \.php$ { 
  # proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1; 
  #} 
  # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000 
  # 
  #location ~ \.php$ { 
  # root   html; 
  # fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000; 
  # fastcgi_index index.php; 
  # fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /scripts$fastcgi_script_name; 
  # include  fastcgi_params; 
  #} 
  # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root 
  # concurs with nginx's one 
  # 
  #location ~ /\.ht { 
  # deny all; 
  #} 
 } 

下面是测试的结果:

首先两个tomcat中部署两个服务器:


然后启动nginx。

cmd下:start nginx

分别访问这两个server:

http://localhost:9922/ngtt/

http://localhost:9977/testnnnn/

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持PHPERZ。



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